The Islamic Doctrine of Peace and War

Elfatih Abdullahi Abdel Salam,


The four horsemen of the Apocalypse - Death, Famine, Plague, and War - have traced a bloody cause of sorrow, destruction, and devastation through human history. Technology has now made it frequently possible to overcome two of the dreaded horsemen, Plague and Famine. Encounters with the third horseman, Death, have been postponed by that same technology; in many parts of the world, for example, average life expectancy has substantially risen.

Ironically, while technology blunted the impact of these three horsemen, it has made all the more dreadful the ravages of the fourth horseman, War. This refers to the absolute deadliness of nuclear technology, and the increasing lethality of non-nuclear technology, such as poison gases, "smart bombs", and chemical and biological agents.

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