Main Article Content
Due to intellectual, literary, and religious leadership throughout the ages and more particularly in the modern age, Egypt is regarded as the vital centre of the Arab and Islamic world. Its political events, social changes and other developments in the religious dimension have a great and direct impact on the Muslim World in general and the Arab world in particular. Thus the observers of Egyptian history and specifically, the Western scholars, keenly watch the day-to-day socio-political developments in Egypt for their own interest. This article analyses various causes and effects which were directly responsible for the emergence of a new vision, direction and revivalist trend in Egypt in the middle of the twentieth century. This revolutionary trend in fact generated profound religious consciousness and created unity among the masses and led to the fight for independence of Egypt and abolition of the monarchy in the early 1950s.