U.S. FOREIGN POLICY TOWARDS THE KURDISH POLITICAL STRUGGLE IN SOUTHERN KURDISTAN (1991-2000)

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Diar Mahmood Saeed Mirany

Abstract

Washington's problem is not with Saddam Hussein per se but primarily with Iraq's potential as an independent regional power, which might someday try to opt for strategic deterrence vis-a-vis Israel, and which might also challenge American's custodianship over Arab oil in the future. The United States is the greatest consumer of oil production with around 25% of global consumption, while its production of oil is just 10% of international oil output. The United States imports 11.66 million barrels daily, which can be around 60 % of its national consumption. 59% of this oil is from the Arab Gulf and it is forecasted that this will increase to 60% in the next year.

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