Al-Attas’s View on the Importance of Man in Our Understanding of the Cosmos

Khayrurrijal, Attaqwa College, Pondok Pesantren At-Taqwa


Abstract


This article affirms man’s special position and existence as the most established point of departure in the realm of creation to comprehend both God’s existence and the cosmos. By means of the method of tafsīr-taʾwīl and muḥkamāt-mutashābihāt appropriated by al-Attas as a way of understanding the cosmos, it is argued that man proceeds to understand the different degrees of existence through his understanding of metaphors and man as a metaphorical concept. Man, then, is able to recognise a higher degree of existence that is the cause of his own existence, which is God’s existence. Furthermore, with knowledge and its transmissions through various chains of authority of knowledge, man accepts the validity of true report (khabar ṣādiq) which is especially true with regard to the reality and the truth of God’s Revelation.

Keywords


Man; tafsīr-taʾwīl; metaphor; cosmos; God’s existence; the Revelation; Origin; Purpose; khabar ṣādiq; book

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acikgence, Alparslan. Islamic Scientific Tradition in History. Kuala Lumpur: IKIM, 2014.

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. Islam dalam Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: UKM, 1972.

_______. Islam, Secularism, and the Philosophy of the Future. London and New York: Mansell, 1985.

_______. The Concept of Education in Islam. Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC, 1991.

_______. Islam and Secularism. Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC, 1993.

_______. Prolegomena to the Metaphysics of Islam. Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC, 1995.

_______. Risalah untuk Kaum Muslimin. Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC, 2001.

_______. On Justice and the Nature of Man. Kuala Lumpur: IBFIM, 2015.

Adi Setia Muhammad Dom. “The Qur’anic Concept of Taskhīr in Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī and Badi’uzzamān Sa’id al-Nūrsī (Part 1).” Al-Hikmah, no. 18 Bil. 1 Tahun 7 (2001): 54–63.

_______. “The Qur’anic Concept of Taskhīr in Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī and Badi’uzzamān Sa’id al-Nūrsī (Part 2).” AlHikmah, no. 19 Bil. 2 Tahun 7 (2001): 53–66.

Chomsky, Noam. Cartesian Linguistics, a Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought 3rd printing. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

_______. The Syntactic Structures, 2nd Printing. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1957.

Cottingham, John. Why Believe?. London and New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2009.

Fakhry, Majid. Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Mysticism, a Short Introduction. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 1997.

Al-Ghazāli, Abū Ḥāmid. Deliverance from Error and The Beginning of Guidance, trans. W. Montgomery Watt. Kuala Lumpur: IBT, 2007.

_______. Kimiya-e Saadat, trans. Claude Field, The Alchemy of Happiness, revised edition 2007. Kuala Lumpur: IBT, 2007.

_______. Mishkāt al-Anwār, A parallel English-Arabic text, translated, introduced, and annotated by David Buchman, The Niche of Light. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1998.

Guessoum, Nidhal. Islam’s Quantum Question, Reconciling Muslim Tradition and Modern Science. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, & Co Ltd, 2014.

Khayrurrijal, “Kritikan Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas terhadap Falsafah Bahasa Barat Moden dan Pascamoden” (M.A. Thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 2015).

_______. “Several Aspects on Human and Artificial Intelligence” (Unpublished, Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2012). A paper presented at the Conference on “Dialogue of Civilization: Towards Humanization of Science and Technology,” organised by the Faculty of Islamic Civilisation (FTI-UTM), held in Skudai, Johor Bahru, 3rd–4th December 2012.

Lakoff, George and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Mohd Zaidi Ismail. The Sources of Knowledge in al-Ghazali’s Thought. Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC, 2002.

Oktavianti, Riliana. “Prinsip Antropik.” Jurnal Filsafat Driyarkara, Th. XXXIII: 1 (2012), 59–78.

Sugiharto, Bambang. Postmodernisme Tantangan bagi Filsafat. Yogyakarta: Penerbit PT Kanisius, 1996.

Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud. Islamization of Contemporary Knowledge and the Role of University in the Context of De-Westernization and Decolonization. Skudai: UTM Press, 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.