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In recent years, the idea of “justice” alongside many other great ideas has undergone shifts in meaning due to a philosophical programme that was set in motion centuries earlier and has by now consolidated its influence in the Muslim world. In the second half of the 20th century, an influential Muslim thinker, Fazlur Rahman (1911–1988), was one of the major figures that contributed to the ongoing debate on the understanding and realisation of justice in the modern world from the Islamic perspective. By applying the conceptual analysis, this article shall examine how Fazlur Rahman understood, employed, and deployed the idea of “justice” in various contexts. This article shall also examine its sources and practical implications, as well as situate his position vis-à-vis that of other scholars in the Islamic tradition.
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