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The demand for a wider recognition of human rights as envisaged in many international conventions is not only directed to those living in traditional lifestyle, but also groups who are in LGBT relationships. This is reflected in many campaigns around the world for recognition and equal rights for LGBT people despite being opposed by many. Such campaigns could be seen manifested in many United Nations’ declarations and documents such as the Yogyakarta Principles. Attitudes towards the campaigns vary greatly in different cultures and countries. While some support LGBT rights, including the legal recognition of same sex marriage, adoption by same sex couple, and anti-discrimination laws, an equally widespread rejection exists in predominantly Muslim nations and in Africa, as well as in parts of Asia and Russia. Opponents in the Muslim world opined that claims made by LGBTs contradict Islamic and moral principles and norms. This article provides an insight and evaluates the intellectual arguments supporting and opposing the recognition of unlimited individual rights of LGBTs by adopting a doctrinal and qualitative analysis of the concept of LGBT and their practices.
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