Religion and Politics: An Analytical Inquiry of Contemporary Reform Movements in Iran

Ahmad F. Yousif,
Abdol Moghset Bani Kamal,


Abstract


The revolution of Iran has changed the political system of the country from monarchy to theocracy. The new structure has been under criticism regarding the compatibility of such a political ideology in the modern world. Today, there are three intellectual discourses in the Iranian socio-political structure, each with its own arguments and counter arguments. This paper examines the ideologies of the discourses, in the light of both their approaches and applications into the Iranian society. It will also provide an in-depth analysis of each discourse, and their present and future directions in the country.


Keywords


Ayatollah, Iran, Islam, politics, movement, reform, secularism, traditionalism.

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